Reads the XBLR instance file from the SEC EDGAR website of public companies to perform an initial analysis. # Technical Elements in Financial Analysis ## Profitability This pertains to the ability of the company to earn income and sustain growth in both the short- and long-term business transactions. Usually, this is based on the income statement which presents the company’s results of operations. The income statement reports the sales, cost of sales, expenses, taxes, insurances, and the net profit of the company. ## Return on Sales The Return on Sales (ROS) ratio tells you how efficiently your company runs its operations. Using the information on your income statement, you can measure how much profit your company produced per dollar of sales and how much extra cash you brought in per sale.
You calculate ROS by dividing net income before taxes by sales. For example, suppose your company had a net income of $4,500 and sales of $18,875. (If your business isn’t a corporation but rather is run by a sole proprietor, you don’t have to factor in any business taxes because only corporations pay income taxes.)
The following shows your calculation of ROS:
Net income before taxes ÷ Sales = Return on Sales
$4,500 ÷ $18,875 = 23.8%
As you can see, your company made 23.8 percent on each dollar of sales. To determine whether that amount calls for celebration, you need to find the ROS ratios for similar businesses. Again, check with your local Chamber of Commerce, or order an industry report online from BizMiner.
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